Qatar is a country located in the region of Western Asia. Under emir Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, who ruled from the mid-1990s, a number of reforms were initiated. A new constitution has been adopted, women are allowed to participate in political life, and the large oil and gas income is invested in foreign companies but also in education. Elections have been held for an advisory local congregation, but despite the promises of the emir, no general elections have been organized for the national congregation. In June 2013, Hamad handed over power to his son, Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani.
The uprisings that swept across North Africa and the Middle East in 2011 did not have major domestic political repercussions in Qatar. One poet, Muhammad al-Ajami, was convicted of insulting the emir in poems and expressing support for the uprising. He was first sentenced to life but the sentence was reduced to 15 years in prison and in March 2016 he was pardoned by the emir.
- Countryaah: Country facts and history of Qatar, including state flag, location map, demographics, GDP data, currency code, and business statistics.
Trade union leaders made demands in 2011 that the international football organization Fifa should press Qatar to improve working conditions in the country for migrant workers. If that did not happen, Qatar should not be able to organize the World Cup in 2022 as planned, the union activists, who in the middle of the 10th, were helped by, among other things, Swedish LO to negotiate better conditions. In addition, Qatar has been criticized for, in the opinion of many, having defaulted to the hosting of the World Cup.
In June 2013, Emir Hamad announced that he was abdicating in favor of son Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani. The 33-year-old new emir had been prepared for office since his older brother stepped aside since 2003. Prior to his departure, the old emir extended the mandate of the advisory assembly majlis al-shura indefinitely, which in effect meant that the promised election was postponed again. future. The change of emir was followed by a government transformation. Abdullah bin Nasir Al Thani was appointed new Prime Minister, while Khalid al-Aittiyah became Foreign Minister (Hamad bin Jasim Al Thani previously held both posts). Sheikh Abdullah also received the Interior Minister’s post. In 2020, it was announced that Abdullah had left both posts to Khalid bin Khalifa bin Abdulaziz Al Thani, who, among other things, was reported to have worked in the natural gas industry. The government in general was not affected.
Emir Tamim is said to be pragmatic, like his father, but more conservative and less risk-averse. He is also the one who made sure that Qatar has a number of international sporting events (see Foreign Policy and Defense). However, the shift in power has not changed Qatar’s political line significantly, but Tamim has largely followed in his father’s footsteps (the old emir is also said to be backstage). However, he has chosen to invest even more than his father on domestic issues, such as an expanded welfare system and better infrastructure.
In 2017, Qatar landed a straight collision course with its neighbors and a serious diplomatic crisis arose in the region. In early June, Saudi Arabia and several other countries in the region broke off relations with Qatar, accusing the country of supporting terrorists and of having too close ties with Iran. Neighboring countries closed their borders, banned air transport and expelled Qatarians from their territories. Saudi Arabia, together with Bahrain, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates, presented a list of requirements: shut down the broadcaster al-Jazira, restrict contacts with Iran and close a Turkish military base. But Doha dismissed the claims as unrealistic and no solution to the conflict has been reached.
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FACTS – POLITICS
Dawlat Qatar / State of Qatar
monarchy, unitary state
Head of State
emir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani (2013–)
Head of government
Prime Minister Khalid bin Khalifa bin Abdulaziz Al Thani (2020–)
Most important parties with mandates in the last election
no political parties are allowed
Main parties with mandates in the second most recent elections
no political parties are allowed
general elections have not yet been held
no general choices
Billion deal with the United States
Qatar and the United States conclude an agreement worth $ 14 billion. The agreement concerns a joint construction of the world’s largest natural gas plant to date. Most of the gas will be exported to the United States.
Qatar gets basis
Qatar’s first written constitution, with some democratic reforms, comes into force (see Political system).
Islamists behind the explosion
A car bomb outside a theater in Doha kills a British citizen and injures 12 other people on the two-year anniversary of the invasion of Iraq. An Islamist terrorist group later assumes responsibility for the attack.